Books – Print
Author(s). Date of publication. Title. Edition. Place of Publication: publisher.
Schott J, Priest J. 2002. Leading antenatal classes: a practical guide. 2nd ed. Boston (MA): Books for Midwives.
Pages numbers are optional, but if included see pages 516 and 532 in CSE Manual
Chapter or other part of a book (Reference Book)
Author(s). Date of Publication. Chapter title. In: Editor(s) of book. Title of book. Edition. Place of publication: publisher. Pages of selection.
Allen, C. 2007. Bacteria, bioterrorism, and the geranium ladies of Guatemala. In: Cabezas AL, Reese E, Waller M, editors. Wages of empire: neoliberal policies, repression, and women's poverty. Boulder (CO): Paradigm Press. p. 169-177.
Books – Internet
Author(s). Date of publication. Title of book. [medium designator]. Edition. Place of publication: publisher; [date updated; date cited]. Available from: URL. Notes.
Griffiths AJF, Miller JH, Suzuki DT, Lewontin RC, Gelbart WN. 2000. Introduction to genetic analysis [Internet]. 7th ed. New York (NY): L W. H. Freeman & Co.; [cited 2005 May 31]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/. TOC
When there is 2 to 10 authors, list all of them.
More than 10 list the first 10 and then “et al.” or “and others”
Separate the surname and initials of an author by a space.
Use a comma and space to separate the authors’ names.
Journal titles are abbreviated
Journal Articles – Paper Format
Author(s). Date of publication. Title of article. Abbreviated title of journal. Vol(issue): pages.
Flores-Cruz Z, Allen C. 2011. Necessity of OxyR for the hydrogen peroxide stress response and full virulence in Ralstonia solanacearum. Appl Environ Microbiol. 77(18):6426-6432.
Journal Articles – Internet
Author(s). Date of publication. Title of article. Title of journal [medium designator]. [date updated; date cited];volume(issue):page number. Available from: URL
Bennett AB, Gratton C. 2013. Floral diversity increases beneficial arthropod richness and decreases variability in arthropod community composition. Ecol Appl [Internet]. [cited 12 Sep 2013];23(1):86-95. Available from: http://labs.russell.wisc.edu/gratton/files/2013/03/Ecological-Applications.pdf
Author(s). Title of Web page. [medium]. Date of publication. Edition. Place of publication: publisher; [date updated; date cited]. Available from: URL
Animal Welfare Information Center [Internet]. Beltsville (MD): National Agricultural Library (US); [updated 2014 March 20; cited 2014 March 20]. Available from: http://www.nal.usda.gov/awic/.
Rumbaugh D, Savage-Rumbaugh S, Fields B. Additional studies into ape language and primate intelligence [Internet]. 2014. Des Moines (IA): Iowa Primate Learning Sanctuary; [cited 2014 March 20]. Available from: URL
Secondary Sources (Cite a work cited by your source)
An author should never place in a reference list a document that he or she has not seen in its original form, but it obtained from another document. The author should find and cite the original article.