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ENV 200 Principles of Environmental Science:D'Avanzo: Citing Your Research

This guide is for the students in Professor D'Avanzo's section of Principles of environmental science.

CSE Scientific Style and Foremat

This is a guide for citing resources using the Council of Science Editors (CSE) style of citation. CSE is used to cite resources within the fields of the natural sciences. Please refer to your class syllabus or consult your professor to see if this is the correct citation style for your class.

This guide will provide you with examples of the most commonly used resources.  If you do not see a resource represented on these pages, please refer to the Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authros, Editors, and Publishers. This manual can be found in the library, in the citation center bookcase, located between room 110 and Reference desk.

This guide also provide the user with a link to the Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL), and a link to RefWorks an online citation tool in addition to printable citation style guides and other useful links

Online Style Guides

For your annotated bibliography, you are expected to use CSE citation style.

Books – Print

Recommended format:

Author(s). Date of publication. Title. Edition. Place of Publication: publisher.

Schott J, Priest J. 2002. Leading antenatal classes: a practical guide. 2nd ed. Boston (MA): Books for Midwives.

Pages numbers are optional, but if included see pages 516 and 532 in CSE Manual

Chapter or other part of a book (Reference Book)

Recommended format:

Author(s). Date of Publication. Chapter title. In: Editor(s) of book. Title of book. Edition. Place of publication: publisher. Pages of selection.

Allen, C. 2007. Bacteria, bioterrorism, and the geranium ladies of Guatemala. In: Cabezas AL, Reese E, Waller M, editors. Wages of empire: neoliberal policies, repression, and women's poverty. Boulder (CO): Paradigm Press. p. 169-177.

Books – Internet

Recommend format:

Author(s). Date of publication. Title of book. [medium designator]. Edition. Place of publication: publisher; [date updated; date cited]. Available from: URL. Notes.

Griffiths AJF, Miller JH, Suzuki DT, Lewontin RC, Gelbart WN. 2000. Introduction to genetic analysis [Internet]. 7th ed. New York (NY): L W. H. Freeman & Co.; [cited 2005 May 31]. Available from: TOC


When there is 2 to 10 authors, list all of them.

More than 10 list the first 10 and then “et al.” or “and others”

Separate the surname and initials of an author by a space.

Use a comma and space to separate the authors’ names.


Journal Titles

Journal titles are abbreviated


Journal Articles – Paper Format

Recommended format:

Author(s). Date of publication. Title of article. Abbreviated title of journal. Vol(issue): pages.

Flores-Cruz Z, Allen C. 2011. Necessity of OxyR for the hydrogen peroxide stress response and full virulence in Ralstonia solanacearum. Appl Environ Microbiol. 77(18):6426-6432.

Journal Articles – Internet

 Recommended format:

Author(s). Date of publication. Title of article. Title of journal [medium designator]. [date updated; date cited];volume(issue):page number. Available from: URL  

Bennett AB, Gratton C. 2013. Floral diversity increases beneficial arthropod richness and decreases variability in arthropod community composition. Ecol Appl [Internet]. [cited 12 Sep 2013];23(1):86-95. Available from:

Web site

Recommended format:

Author(s). Title of Web page. [medium]. Date of publication. Edition. Place of publication: publisher; [date updated; date cited]. Available from: URL

Animal Welfare Information Center [Internet]. Beltsville (MD): National Agricultural Library (US); [updated 2014 March 20; cited 2014 March 20]. Available from:

Rumbaugh D, Savage-Rumbaugh S, Fields B.  Additional studies into ape language and primate intelligence [Internet]. 2014. Des Moines (IA): Iowa Primate Learning Sanctuary; [cited 2014 March 20]. Available from: URL

Secondary Sources (Cite a work cited by your source)

An author should never place in a reference list a document that he or she has not seen in its original.

Citing Your Research

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