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APA 7th: Other Sources


These document types are from EBSCO Business Source Premier. The APA formats are based on information from the APA Style website.

APA Formats for Business Sources

Country Report with Organizational Author

IHS Markit. (2020, November 25). Netherlands country monitor.

  • In a paraphrase: For 2020, COVID-19 is likely to cause a double-dip recession in the Dutch economy (IHS Markit, 2020).
  • In a quotation: “The Dutch economy is on course for a double-dip recession in 2020 owing to the COVID-19 virus outbreak” (IHS Markit, 2020, p. 3).

Country Report with Individual Author

Youngblood-Coleman, D. (2020). Brazil country review. CountryWatch.

  • In a paraphrase: Brazil gained independence after 300 years of of rule by Portugal (Youngblood-Coleman, 2020).
  • In a quotation: “Brazil's economy outweighs that of all other South American countries with large and well-developed agricultural, mining, manufacturing and services sectors (Youngblood-Coleman, 2020, p. 2).

Fragment of a Country Report

EBSCO's Business Source Premier includes records that are parts of a larger document. EBSCO will suggest an APA citation format that looks like this:

Coleman, D. Y. (2013). Government Structure. In Ireland Country Review (pp. 67–71).

or this:

Political Conditions. (2013). In Spain Country Review (pp. 9–35).

Neither suggested format is correct.

Instead, here are the correct formats, repectively:

CountryWatch. (2013). Ireland country review.


Coleman-Young, D. (2020). Spain country review. CountryWatch.

If the document fragment text includes a named person as the author, use that name as the author, otherwise use the organization name as the author. Do not include a named person as the author if the name only appears in theEBSCO suggested format, but not in the text itself.


Industry Profile

Marketline. (2020, May). Global air freight.

  • In a paraphrase: The U.S.-China trade war began in 2018 (Marketline, 2020).
  • In a quotation: “2018 also witnessed the start of an intense trade war with China” (Marketline, 2020, p. 9).

SWOT Analysis

MarketLine. (2020, April 20). Carlsberg A/S.

  • In a paraphrase: In Laos, Carlsberg commands a 95% share of the beer market (IHS Markit, 2020).
  • In a quotation: “The company dominates the beer market in Laos with 95% market share” (IHS Markit, 2020, p. 4).

Background Note

Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs. (2008, July). Background note: Ireland. U.S. Department of State.

  • In a paraphrase: Ireland is a parliamentary republic that became independent in 1921 (Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs, 2008).
  • In a quotation: Although English is commonly spoken, “Irish (Gaelic) is also an official language and is taught in schools (Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs, 2008, People and History section).

EBSCO databases, including Business Source Premier, suggest an incorrect APA format for Background Notes.

EBSCO will also refer to fragments of Background Notes as is they were whole publications, giving the fragments titles like “Economy” or “Government and Political Conditions”.

Whether you are using an entire Background Note, or just a fragment, it must be cited as an entire Note. If you use a fragment of a Background Note, search Business Source Premier for the entire note and follow the format given above.

For more about the correct format, see APA Style, “Webpage on a website with a government agency group author” (

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