Tables and figures
A table usually shows numerical values (such as means and standard deviations) and/or textual information (lists of stimulus words, responses from participants, etc.) arranged in columns and rows. A figure may be a chart, graph, photograph, drawing, plot, infographic, or any other illustration that is not a table.
Tables and figures (includes images) follow similar set up and formatting. The guidelines below focus on examples of tables and figures taken from other sources and included in student papers. For details on creating tables or figures for submission to journals or graduate theses, see the APA style website’s Tables and figures or consult the APA Publication Manual directly (Section 7, pp. 195–250).
Order of components
Above the figure/table
Below the figure/table
Placement in paper
Refer directly to the APA Publication Manual for more detailed notes on placement (Section 7.6, p. 198).
Examples of figures and tables with references
Comparison of Argentina and Austria for the six Hofstede dimensions
Note. From “Compare Countries” by Hofstede Insights, n.d., (https://www.hofstede-insights.com/product/compare-countries/). Copyright 2021 by Hofstede Insights
Classification of employees according to presence or absence of job satisfaction
Note. From “Job satisfaction among Spanish tax administration employees: A logistic regression analysis”, by E. Villar-Rubio, J. Delgado-Alaminos and P. Barrilao-González, 2015, Journal of Labor Research, 36(2), 217 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12122-015-9202-3. Copyright 2015 by Springer Science & Business Media.
Hofstede Insights. (n.d.). Compare Countries. https://www.hofstede-insights.com/product/compare-countries/
Villar-Rubio, E., Delgado-Alaminos, J., & Barrilao-González, P. (2015). Job satisfaction among Spanish tax administration employees: A logistic regression analysis.
Journal of Labor Research, 36(2), 210–223. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12122-015-9202-3