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APA 7th Websites and Webpages: Home

About Dates in References

A Note About Dates for Websites and Webpages

  • Provide as specific a date as possible for the webpage.
  • Some online works note when the work was last updated. If this date is clearly attributable to the specific content you are citing rather than the overall website, use the updated date in the reference.
  • Do not include a date of last review in a reference because content that has been reviewed has not necessarily been changed
  • A copyright date, ©, is not to be used as the date for purposes of the reference.
  • Do not include a retrieval date unless the webpage is frequently updated.

Websites and Webpages

  1. Webpage on a news website
  2. Comment on a webpage on a news website

 

Webpage on a news websites

Example:

Toner, K. (2020, December 4). When Covid-19 hit, he turned his newspaper route into a lifeline for senior citizens. CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2020/06/04/us/coronavirus-newspaper-deliveryman-groceries-senior-citizens-cnnheroes-trnd/index.html

  • In a paraphrase: Since Greg began delivering groceries for free, 140 seniors who can’t go out for fear of COVID-19 rely on him to get their food (Toner, 2020).
  • In a quotation: Since Greg began delivering groceries for free, “he's become a lifeline for 140 senior citizens who are afraid to venture out because of Covid-19” (Toner, 2020, para. 3).

 

Use this format for articles from news websites. Common examples are BBC News, BET News, Bloomberg, CNN, HuffPost, MSNBC, Reuters, Salon, and Vox. These sites do not have associated daily or weekly newspapers. 

2. Comment on a webpage on a news website

Owens, L. (2020, October 7). I propose a bicycle race between Biden and Trump [Comment on the webpage Here’s what voters make of

President Trump’s COVID-19 diagnosis]. HuffPost. https://www.spot.im/s/00QeiyApEIFa

 

Credit the person who left the comment as the author using the format that appears with the comment (i.e., a real name and/or a username). The example shows a real name.

Provide the specific date the comment was published.

Provide the comment title or up to the first 20 words of the comment in standard font. Then in square brackets write “Comment on the webpage” and the title of the webpage on which the comment appeared in sentence case and italics.

Provide the name of the news website in the source element of the reference.

Link to the comment itself if possible. Otherwise, link to the webpage on which the comment appears. Either a full URL or a short URL is acceptable.

Website or Webpage with Group Author

 

Example:

World Health Organization. (2020, December 9). The top 10 causes of deathhttps://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/the-top-10-causes-of-death

  • In a paraphrase:  For the year 2019, the World Health Organization [WHO] reports that 55% of the 55.4 million worldwide deaths were from 10 causes (WHO, 2020).
  • In a quotation: According to the World Health Organization [WHO], “in 2019, the top 10 causes of death accounted for 55% of the 55.4 million deaths worldwide.” (WHO, 2020, para. 1).

 

For a page from an organization’s website without individual authors, use the name of the organization as the author. Because the author of the webpage and the site name are the same, omit the site name from the source element to avoid repetition. 

Webpage on a website with an individual author

Example:

Giovanetti, F. (2019, November 16). Why we are so obsessed with personality types. Medium. https://medium.com/the-business-of-wellness/why-we-are-so-obsessed-with-personality-types-577450f9aee9

  • In a paraphrase: The Myers-Briggs personality test is most common, according to Giovanetti (2018).
  • In a quotation: “The most common test you will find is the Myers-Briggs type” (Giovanetti, 2019, para. 4).

When individual author(s) are credited on the webpage, list them as the author in the reference.

Webpage on a website with a government agency group author

Example:

National Institute of Mental Health. (2018, July). Anxiety disorders. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/anxiety-disorders/index.shtml

  • In a paraphrase: According to the National Institute of Mental Health (2018), those suffering from panic disorder experience repeated sudden panic attacks.
  • In a quotation: “People with panic disorder have recurrent unexpected panic attacks” (National Institute of Mental Health, 2018, Panic Disorder section).

For a page on a government website without individual authors, use the specific agency responsible for the webpage as the author. The names of parent agencies not present in the author element appear in the source element (in the example, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health). This creates concise in-text citations and complete reference list entries.

Italicize the title of the webpage.

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